Three things that make you happy – and three things that won’t

20 Oct

by Carolyn Thomas  @HeartSisters

It turns out that feeling happy can actually improve our overall physical health – but there’s a catch.  According to an article in Harvard Medical School’s HealthBeat last month, positive emotions may need to be longterm in order to produce good health. In other words:

“Thinking positive thoughts for a month when you already have heart disease won’t cure the disease. But lowering your stress levels over a period of years with a positive outlook and relaxation techniques could reduce your risk of heart problems.” 

In discussing an early phase of research on what’s known as positive psychology, Harvard’s HealthBeat article quotes University of Pennsylvania psychologist Dr. Martin Seligman and Dr. Christopher Peterson* of the University of Michigan, who identified these three pathways in figuring out what makes us happy:

  • 1. Feeling good: Seeking pleasurable emotions and sensations, from the hedonistic model of happiness put forth by Epicurus, which focused on reaching happiness by maximizing pleasure and minimizing pain. (Could this be why our pets make us feel so happy?)
  • 2. Engaging fully: Pursuing activities that engage you fully – the state of intense absorption that researcher Dr. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi dubbed “flow.” As filmmaker George Lucas once described talent, it’s “a combination of something you love a great deal and something you can lose yourself in –  something that you can start at 9 o’clock, look up from your work and it’s 10 o’clock at night …”
  • 3. Doing good: Searching for meaning outside yourself, tracing back to Aristotle’s notion of eudemonia, which emphasized knowing your true self and acting in accordance with your virtues.

But they also identified three things that WON’T make us happy:

According to Drs. Seligman and Peterson, here are some widely held myths about what will bring us happiness:

  • 1. Money and material thingsOver 30 years ago, economist Richard Easterlin showed that people are happier when their basic necessities are covered. But any money beyond that doesn’t make much difference in happiness levels.
  • 2. Youth: Being young and physically attractive has little or no bearing on happiness. Easterlin’s more recent research published in 2006 in the Journal of Economic Psychology found that not only did being young fail to contribute to happiness, but adults grew steadily happier as they moved into and through middle age. After that, happiness levels began to decline slowly as health issues and other life problems emerged.
  • 3. Children: Children can be a tremendous source of joy and fulfillment, but their day-to-day care is demanding and can increase stress, financial pressures, and marital strife. When ranking their happiness during daily activities, mothers report being more happy eating, exercising, shopping, napping, or watching TV than when spending time with their children. In several studies, marital satisfaction declines after the first child is born and only recovers after the last child leaves home. Personal relationships of all types are important, however. Research suggests that being married, having more friends, and having sexual intercourse more often are all moderately or strongly associated with happiness.

Read more about Dr. Seligman’s theories that link positive outlooks with improved heart health:

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* Sadly, Dr. Christopher Peterson (whose favourite saying was “Other people matter”) died of sudden heart failure on October 9, 2012 at the age of 62. Read his obituary published in the journal Applied Psychology.

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Do you agree with Drs. Seligman and Peterson on what makes us happy – or not?

6 Responses to “Three things that make you happy – and three things that won’t”

  1. Nadel E. Ricafort November 20, 2011 at 1:43 am #

    I agree that being happy can lessen the stress and it is good for the heart. Other people say even though your not happy but you have peaceful mind can help to lessen too, like watching all those nature type of scenery.
    Nadel E. Ricafort
    Philippines

    Like

    • Carolyn Thomas November 21, 2011 at 5:46 am #

      Spending time in nature – by the beach, walking in the woods or just enjoying a beautiful city park – is a good way to seek that ‘peaceful mind’. Thanks, Nadel.

      Like

  2. Carolyn Thomas October 20, 2011 at 12:52 pm #

    Thanks dadirri7, Ann and Judith for your input. I thought one of the most interesting parts of this research was Dr. Easterlin’s findings (e.g. “…being young and physically attractive has little or no bearing on happiness…) especially given how much time, energy and money so many women invest in maintaining those impossible standards.
    Cheers,
    C.

    Like

  3. Judith Westerfield October 20, 2011 at 10:47 am #

    I do agree with the lists. Here are personal observations & beliefs I’ve made over the decades:

    – I think the ultimate human goal should be doing good – flow and feeling good are by-products.

    – Happiness is an “acute” state not a CHRONIC CONDITION. . . .

    – Aside from heart disease or any chronic condition, happiness/contentment usually maintain the status quo, discontent helps us grow. Pain and fear are probably the biggest motivators for change, renewal and growth there are.

    (I don’t advocate waiting for pain and fear to motivate us toward positive change, but for most of us that is what does it.)

    Like

  4. Ann October 20, 2011 at 8:47 am #

    I totally agree with this post. The things listed that will not make you happy are so on target. They only can bring a moment of joy but not enter peace. Happiness is a full time job that comes from deep within when we are willing to accept it into our lives.

    Again, another great post from you!

    Like

  5. dadirri7 October 20, 2011 at 4:09 am #

    thanks carolyn, great tips, i will share them with my yoga students 🙂

    Like

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